Understanding Medical Cannabis
What is Medical Cannabis?
Cannabis (marijuana) is a plant that contains biologically active substances in its leaves, flowers, and buds and their extracts (for example, oil and concentrates). Medical cannabis can help treat symptoms like insomnia, anxiety, pain, nausea, and lack of appetite. It may be used by people who have conditions like cancer, AIDS, or multiple sclerosis.
Medical Cannabis Strains
The strain of medical cannabis, which may be prescribed to you by your doctor, is key to successful outcomes in treating your condition. There is a wide range of hybrid strains including Sativa dominant and Indica dominant, with low to high THC and CBD compositions, to assist in the treatment of mild to severe chronic conditions.
Increased mental relaxation, Muscle relaxation, Decreases nausea, Decreases acute pain, Increases appetite, Increases dopamine
Anti-anxiety, Antidepressant, Treats chronic pain, Increases focus and creativity, Increases serotonin
Hybrid possesses a combination of traits and characteristics of both Indicas and Sativas to optimize patient outcomes
What is the Difference Between Inhalation and Ingestion?
Inhaled (smoke or vape):
The effects are almost immediate and the duration is shorter.
Ingested (such as oils, gelcaps or edibles):
The effects take longer to manifest and the duration is longer.
Medical Cannabis Dosage Recommendations
Your doctor will provide a recommended initial dose based on your diagnosis. Patients are encouraged to closely monitor their consumption and follow these important guidelines:
- Start low and go slow
- Take with food
- To increase dosage, do it in the evening
- Never operate a motor vehicle after dosing
- If negative side effects occur, stop immediately and come in for a re-evaluation.
What Are Cannabinoids?
A cannabinoid is a class of diverse chemical compounds that alter neurotransmitter release in the brain. THC, CBD and Terpenes are the most notable cannabinoids found in cannabis, each possessing it's own unique benefits.
What is Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)?
A naturally occurring chemical compound found in cannabis noted for its psychoactive effect (the “high”). Reported medical uses for THC include the management of pain, insomnia and loss of appetite.
What is Cannabidiol (CBD)?
Another naturally occurring compound with reported medical uses for controlling pain, inflammation, anxiety and nausea. Unlike THC, CBD does not have psychoactive properties.
What are Terpenes?
They’re organic compounds found in a variety of plants – including cannabis. Terpenes are responsible for cannabis’ distinctive aromas and flavours. Research is currently underway to explore how terpenes work in cannabis to produce unique therapeutic benefits.